Department of Animal Production/ Faculty of Agriculture
University of Kufa
2015 PhD. in Ruminant Nutrition (Animal Production), University of Baghdad
2000 MSc. in Animal Nutrition (Animal Production), University of Baghdad
1994 BSc in Agricultural Science (Animal Production), University of Baghdad
Dietary supplementation with exogenous fibrolytic enzymes, medicinal plants, and yeast in ruminant nutrition
Hasan H. H. Al-Abbasi, Atheer S. Mahdi, Ali H. Mohammed, and Anmar A. M. Al-Wazeer IOP Publishing
Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the effect of adding different levels of date fruit in the ration on accelerated puberty and sexual maturity in Frisian heifers raises in South Iraq. Sixty-four Frisian heifers (4 months-old) were equally allocated to four groups (16 heifers each). All groups were fed the same ration, the first group (T1) was fed without any additive, while the second (T2), third (T3), and fourth (T4) groups were fed 0.5, 1, and 2 kg of date fruits/head/day, respectively in addition to basal ration. Results showed that the percentage of heifers fed 1 and 2 kg of date fruits reached puberty faster than those fed 0 and 0.5kg of date fruits at 6-10 months of age. A similar trend happened in the percentage of heifers that reach sexual maturity at 9-13 months of age. The period of progress in puberty of T4 heifers was three months, based on the world’s average puberty (12 months) and the period of progress in sexual maturity was five months, based on the world’s average maturity (18 months). Results revealed that the dietary addition of date fruits has a significant effect (P≤0.01) on a percentage of advanced puberty in T2, T3, and T4 heifers compared with those receiving control ration (T1). The percentage of sexual maturity in T2, T3, and T4 heifers was higher than those in control one(T1). Furthermore, the heifers in T4 and T3 were higher (P ≤0.01) than heifers in T1 and T2 in the duration of progress in puberty and sexual maturity in heifers.
Ali Saad Abdulzahrah and Anmar A. M. Al-Wazeer AIP Publishing
H H H AL-ABBASI, A S MAHDI, I H S ALKAFAJY, and A A M AL-WAZEER Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Directorate of Knowledge Management in Agriculture
The objective of the current study was to compare puberty and sexual maturity in Iraqi Jenoubi bulls and heifers that were fed date palm pollen (DPP) in their diets. Ten Jenoubi heifers and ten bulls, 6-month-old were divided randomly into two treatments: DPP treatment (T1) supplemented with 2 g of DPP/ head/day and control treatment (T2) was not supplemented with DPP. In heifers, the overall mean value of control group was significantly lower (27.53, 0.96 ng/ml and 9.44 pg/ml) than treatment group (70.42, 18.27 ng/ml and 19.16 pg/ml) for FSH, LH and estrogen, respectively in puberty period. Similar trend was noticed for hormone concentrations (FSH, LH, Estrogen and Testosterone) for bulls at puberty and maturity age. In bulls, T1 was significantly higher (155 and 212.5 kg) than control group (139.5 and 196 kg) for body weight in puberty and maturity age respectively, and in heifers T1 was significantly higher (150.33 and 206.66 kg) than control group (142 and 198.66 kg) for body weight in puberty and maturity age respectively, and same trend was observed for body condition score (BCS). It can be concluded that adding date palm pollen to ration of heifers and bulls accelerates puberty and maturity in heifers and bulls. But the acceleration in heifers was more than in bulls.
Jamal Abdul Rahman Tawfeeq Al Ani, Anmar A Al-Wazeer, Ali Noori Kareem, and Rasha Mohamed Shaker IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science IOP Publishing
Abstract The experiment was investigated the effects of degradability crude protein on some blood parameters of ruminants, two experiments were conducted for three sources dietary crude protein: Soya, whey protein and urea. First experiment, soya was replaced with whey protein, while second experiment, soya was replaced with urea. Fifteen male lambs were used for each experiment and randomly distributed to five treatments T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5. Concentrated was fed at 3% of body weight as DM basis, while alfalfa was fed ad-libitum. Jugular blood was sampled from lambs after 90 days of experiment before feeding morning. Results of replacing soya with whey protein showed decreased blood protein and cholesterol, while, blood urea was increased and blood glucose had a linear increase with increasing whey protein intake, 45.75, 48.5, 52.5, 66.0 and 89.75 mg/dl for T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5. In second experiment, the results of replacing soya with urea showed decreased blood glucose and cholesterol for 2% urea in contrast with control, while blood urea was increased for 2% urea 36.11 mg/dl in contrast with 22.73mg/dl for control. In concluded, feeding high soluble crude proteins, decreased cholesterol and increased blood urea nitrogen.
Atheer S. Mahdi, Muneer W. Al-Khafaji, Anmar A. Al-Wazeer, and Hamza. M. Al-Khuzai Africa Health Research Organization
The study was conducted at the period of 22/1/2018 to 13/1/2019 by using 82 Awassi ewes in late gestation period to determine the combined effect of melatonin receptor gene polymorphism (MTNRA1) three doses of vitamin E on litter size and lambs weight at birth and weaning. Results showed a significant effect (P<0.05) of MTNRA1 polymorphism on liter size , the highest value was noticed in ewes with CC genotype while the lowest value was in ewes with TT genotype namely,1.184 and 1.137 lamb respectively. Litter size were affected significantly (P<0.05) by vitamin E supplementation, the higher litter size was noticed in ewes that injected with 450IU/ week namely, 1.24lamb. Body weight of lambs at birth and weaning and average weight gain from birth to weaning differed significantly according to vitamin E supplementation. Significant differences (P<0.05) among combinations on all traits that studded. Ewes with CC or CT and supplemented of 900IU of vitamin E were the highest liter size (1.24 lamb). The ewes with genotype CC and supplemented 450IU of vitamin recorded the highest body weight of lambs at birth, body weight of lambs at weaning and average weight gain from birth to weaning namely, 4.30, 16.84 and 12.54 kg respectively.