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Senior Field Research Officer/ Infectious Diseases Division
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research (icddr,b), Bangladesh
Dr. Sumon Ghosh is a veterinarian working in the Infectious Diseases Division of International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b). Formerly, he worked as a Consultant under the Communicable Disease Control Division of Directorate General of Health Services of Bangladesh. Dr. Ghosh did his graduation from Chittagong Veterinary & Animal Sciences University in Bangladesh in 2009 and post-graduation from the same institute in 2011. His research interests lie in the area of public health, microbiology, genetics and breeding. He has collaborated actively with researchers from diverse disciplines in several projects of public health importance in Bangladesh.
Master of Science (M.S.) in Animal Breeding & Genetics, 2011
Chittagong Veterinary & Animal Sciences University, Bangladesh
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M.) 2009
Chittagong Veterinary & Animal Sciences University, Bangladesh
1. Genetics and Breeding 2. Infectious Diseases 3. Public Health 4. Vectorborne zoonoses
Sumon Ghosh, Md. Sohel Rana, Md. Kamrul Islam, Sukanta Chowdhury, Najmul Haider, Mohammad Abdullah Heel Kafi, Sayed Mohammed Ullah, Md. Rashed Ali Shah, Afsana Akter Jahan, Hasan Sayedul Mursalin, Aung Swi Prue Marma, S. M. Emran Ali, Shohrab Hossain, Rajub Bhowmik, Nitish C. Debnath, Abul Khair Mohammad Shamsuzzaman, Be-Nazir Ahmed, Umme Ruman Siddiqi, and Sanya Tahmina Jhora
Scientific Reports, eISSN: 20452322, Published: 1 December 2020 Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Vaccinating dogs against rabies is an effective means of reducing human rabies. We subjected 1327 clinically diagnosed human rabies death and mass dog vaccination (MDV) data during 2006–2018 to quantify the impacts of MDV on human rabies incidence in Bangladesh and a subset of rabies death data (422) for clinico-epidemiological analysis. A positive and increasing trend of MDV (p = 0.01 and tau = 0.71) and a negative and declining trend (p < 0.001 and tau = −0.88) of human rabies cases (Correlation coefficient: −0.82) have been observed. Among 422 deaths, the majority (78%) of the victims sought treatment from traditional healers, and 12% received post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). The mean incubation period of rabies in cases with exposure sites on the head & neck (35 days) was shorter than the upper limb (mean = 64 days, p = 0.02) and lower limb (mean = 89 days, p < 0.01). MDV has been found to be effective for reducing human rabies cases in Bangladesh. Creating awareness among the animal bite victims to stop reliance on traditional healers rather seeking PEP, addressing the role of traditional healers through awareness education programme with respect to the treatment of dog bites, ensuring availability of PEP, and continuing to scale up MDV may help to prevent human rabies deaths.
Md Sohel Rana, Umme Ruman Siddiqi, Sumon Ghosh, Afsana Akter Jahan, Md Kamrul Islam, Md Rashed Ali Shah, Sayed Mohammed Ullah, S.M. Emran Ali, Be-Nazir Ahmed, and Abul Khair Mohammad Shamsuzzaman
Heliyon, ISSN: 24058440, Published: November 2020 Elsevier BV
M Rahaman, Umme Siddiqi, Abdullah Sabuj, Be Ahmed, Sanya Tahmina, Md Faruque, Sumon Ghosh, and Nasir Uddin
Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, eISSN: 23117710, Pages: 414-420, Published: 1 September 2020 ScopeMed Publishing
Objectives: Knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of rabies in the community are essential for developing post-exposure behavioral treatment and for understanding current prevention and control policy on rabies. This was a cross-sectional study in Gaibandha Sadar, a northern district of Bangladesh, investigating the level of KAP about rabies. Materials and methods: A total of 368 interviewed respondents, of whom 280 (76.09%) were male, and 88 (23.91%) were female. A structured questionnaire was used for the data collection from respondents on socio-demographic information and KAP regarding rabies. The data analyzed with STATA-IC-11.0 and the association of independent variables with rabies KAP scores were calculated using Pearson’s Chi-square. Results: Most respondents had adequate KAP levels and positive thoughts on rabies prevention. The KAP scores were strongly associated with education and employment status (p < 0.05). Most respondents said that stray dogs are a headache in the area and believed that control of the dog population in Gaibandha is essential. Conclusion: These outcomes also revealed that there is an information gap about rabies that might improve by developing an education program for awareness.
Genyan Yang, Sukanta Chowdury, Erin Hodges, Mohammed Ziaur Rahman, Yunho Jang, Mohammad Enayet Hossain, Joyce Jones, Thomas J. Stark, Han Di, Peter W. Cook, Sumon Ghosh, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, John R. Barnes, David E. Wentworth, Erin Kennedy, and C. Todd Davis
Virology, ISSN: 00426822, eISSN: 10960341, Volume: 534, Pages: 36-44, Published: August 2019 Elsevier BV
Bangladesh has reported repeated outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H5) viruses in poultry since 2007. Because of the large number of live poultry markets (LPM) relative to the population density of poultry throughout the country, these markets can serve as sentinel sites for HPAI A(H5) detection. Through active LPM surveillance during June 2016-June 2017, HPAI A(H5N6) viruses along with 14 other subtypes of influenza A viruses were detected. The HPAI A(H5N6) viruses belonged to clade 126.96.36.199 and were likely introduced into Bangladesh around March 2016. Human infections with influenza clade 188.8.131.52 viruses in Bangladesh have not been identified, but the viruses had several molecular markers associated with potential human infection. Vigilant surveillance at the animal-human interface is essential to identify emerging avian influenza viruses with the potential to threaten public and animal health.
Chowdhury, Hossain, Ghosh, Ghosh, Hossain, Beard, Rahman, and Rahman
Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease, eISSN: 24146366, Published: 2019 MDPI AG
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 has caused severe illnesses in poultry and in humans. More than 15,000 outbreaks in domestic birds from 2005 to 2018 and 861 human cases from 2003 to 2019 were reported across the world to OIE (Office International des Epizooties) and WHO (World Health Organization), respectively. We reviewed and summarized the spatial and temporal distribution of HPAI outbreaks in South Asia. During January 2006 to June 2019, a total of 1063 H5N1 outbreaks in birds and 12 human cases for H5N1 infection were reported to OIE and WHO, respectively. H5N1 outbreaks were detected more in the winter season than the summer season (RR 5.11, 95% CI: 4.28–6.1). Commercial poultry were three times more likely to be infected with H5N1 than backyard poultry (RR 3.47, 95% CI: 2.99–4.01). The highest number of H5N1 outbreaks was reported in 2008, and the smallest numbers were reported in 2014 and 2015. Multiple subtypes of avian influenza viruses and multiple clades of H5N1 virus were detected. Early detection and reporting of HPAI viruses are needed to control and eliminate HPAI in South Asia.
Sumon Ghosh, Sukanta Chowdhury, Najmul Haider, Rajub K. Bhowmik, Md. S. Rana, Aung S. Prue Marma, Muhammad B. Hossain, Nitish C. Debnath, and Be-Nazir Ahmed
Veterinary Medicine and Science, eISSN: 20531095, Pages: 161-169, Published: August 2016 Wiley
Community awareness regarding rabies and treatment seeking behaviours are critical both for the prevention and control of the disease in human and animals. We conducted a study to explore people's awareness about rabies, their attitudes towards dogs and practices associated with treating dog bites in Satkhira Sadar, a south-western sub-district of Bangladesh. Of the total 3200 households (HHs) surveyed, the majority of the respondents have heard about rabies (73%) and there was a high level of awareness that dog bite is the main cause of rabies (86%), and that rabies can be prevented by vaccination (85%). However, 59% of the dog bite victims first seek treatment from traditional healers instead of visiting the hospitals, 29% received the rabies vaccine, 2% practiced proper wound washing with soap and water, while 4.8% have not taken any measures. None of the victims have received rabies immunoglobulin (RIG). Of the respondents, 5.2% reported a history of dog bite in at least one family member, and 11.8% reported a history of dog bite in domestic animals during the previous year. The HHs having a higher number of family members (OR: 1.13, 95% CI: 1.07-1.2), having a pet dog (OR: 2.1, 95% CI: 1.4-3.2) and caring or feeding a community dog (OR: 2.1, 95% CI: 1.4-2.9) showed an increased risk of getting a dog bite. Among the bite victims, 3.6% (n = 6) humans and 15.8% (n = 60) animals died. As a measure for dog population management (DPM), 56% preferred sterilization while the rest preferred killing of dogs. The current treatment seeking behaviours of the respondents should be improved through additional education and awareness programme and better availability for the provision of post-exposure prophylaxis in Bangladesh. We recommend scaling up national mass dog vaccination and DPM to reduce the burden of rabies cases and dog bites in Bangladesh.
Ghosh, S., Rana, M.S., Islam, M.K. et al. Trends and clinico-epidemiological features of human rabies cases in Bangladesh 2006–2018. Sci Rep 10, 2410 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-59109-w
Chowdhury, S.; Hossain, M.E.; Ghosh, P.K.; Ghosh, S.; Hossain, M.B.; Beard, C.; Rahman, M.; Rahman, M.Z. The Pattern of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 Outbreaks in South Asia. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4, 138.
Yang G, Chowdury S, Hodges E, Rahman MZ, Jang Y, Hossain ME, Jones J, Stark TJ, Di H, Cook PW, Ghosh S. Detection of highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N6) viruses in waterfowl in Bangladesh. Virology. 2019 May 28.
Ghosh, S., Chowdhury, S., Haider, N., Bhowmik, R. K., Rana, Md. S., Prue Marma, A. S., Hossain, M. B., Debnath, N. C. and Ahmed, B.-N. (2016), Awareness of rabies and response to dog bites in a Bangladesh community. Vet Med Sci, 2: 161–169. doi:10.1002/vms3.30
Ghosh S, Khan MK. Identification of the Suitable Milk Recording Protocol for Small-scale Dairy Production. International Journal of Dairy Science. 2014;9(4):124-31.
Ghosh S, Haider N and Khan MKI. 2012. Status of Household’s Ducks and their Associated Factors under Scavenging System in a Southern Area of Bangladesh. International Journal of Natural Sciences, 2(4):108-11
Hossain MB, Sen PC, al Noman MA, Islam A, Ghosh S, Islam S, Chakma S, Paul AK. Production Performances of Japanese Quail Parent Stock under Open Housing System. J. Emb. Trans. (2015) Vol. 30, No. 2, pp. 115 ～119
Khan MKI and Ghosh S, 2013. Test-day Milk Recording Systems under Small-holder Dairy Farming: A review. Journal of Animal Scientists, 2(2): 15-19