Swaminathan Chitraputhirapillai

Verified email at yahoo.com

Professor , Agronomy, Agricultural College and Res.Institute, Madurai- 625104, India
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University



                                   

http://researchid.co/brownrevolution

EDUCATION

Ph.D. in Forestry

RESEARCH INTERESTS

Agroforestry
Low Budget Naturalway Farming (Vrikshayurvedic farming)
Dryland Agriculture
Organic cultivation

19

Scopus Publications

474

Scholar Citations

11

Scholar h-index

12

Scholar i10-index

Scopus Publications

  • Applying both biochar and phosphobacteria enhances Vigna mungo L. growth and yield in acid soils by increasing soil pH, moisture content, microbial growth and P availability
    Kannan P., Paramasivan M., Marimuthu S., Swaminathan C., and Jayakumar Bose

    Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, ISSN: 01678809, Volume: 308, Published: 1 March 2021 Elsevier BV
    Abstract Rainfed black gram (Vigna mungo L.) production in low pH alfisol is severely hampered by the sporadic and greater intensity of rainfall as well as low availability of soil phosphorous. Developing suitable management practices is critical to mitigating the ill effects of rainfall variability and low phosphorous availability. Applying biochar, a soil conditioner produced from various bio-waste has been suggested to improve soil moisture content and carbon level. Similarly applying phosphobacteria, a bio-inoculant can enhance P availability to black gram crops. However, the interaction between biochar and phosphobacteria application in low pH Alfisol under rainfed conditions is not fully explored. To fill this knowledge gap, field experiments were conducted to assess the effect of biochar and Bacillus megaterium var phosphaticum (Pb-1) on the availability of phosphorous, black gram growth, and yield. The factors tested were redgram stalk biochar and Australian acacia biochar, enriched farmyard manure, phosphobacteria, and phosphorus fertilizer and their various combinations. Biochar application at 5 t ha−1 increased soil moisture retention and reduced the penetration resistance. The addition of biochar with phosphobacteria positively enhanced the plant physiological parameters such as leaf area, stomatal conductance, SPAD, and reduced the leaf temperature. Application of redgram stalk biochar at 5 t ha−1 with phosphobacteria 2 kg ha−1 recorded higher organic carbon (4.7 g kg−1), soil available P (30.9 kg ha−1) and P uptake (4.6 kg ha−1), by 27, 28 and 45 percent respectively over P fertilizer alone applied treatment. The same treatment combination also recorded the highest seed yield (262 kg ha−1) implying the combined application of biochar and phosphobacteria has the potential to enhance black gram production in rain-fed low pH Alfisols.

  • Effects of crop residue mulch and seedbed preparation methods on soil properties and rainfed groundnut production in Alfisols of semi-arid India
    P. Kannan, S. Ponmani, G. Prabukumar, and C. Swaminathan

    Soil Use and Management, ISSN: 02660032, eISSN: 14752743, Published: 2020 Wiley

  • Exploring rainfall scenario of periyar vaigai command area for crop planning
    Indian Journal of Ecology, ISSN: 03045250, Pages: 11-18, Published: March 2018

  • Sulfur nutrition for enhancing rainfed groundnut productivity in typical alfisol of semi-arid regions in India
    P. Kannan, C. Swaminathan, and S. Ponmani

    Journal of Plant Nutrition, ISSN: 01904167, eISSN: 15324087, Pages: 828-840, Published: 3 April 2017 Informa UK Limited
    ABSTRACT The field experiments were conducted for three consecutive years from 2011 to 2014 to evaluate the influence of graded levels of gypsum as a source of sulfur and different times of application on soil fertility and yield parameters and yield of groundnut (TMV 7) under rainfed condition at Dryland Agricultural Research Station, Chettinad, Tamil Nadu, India. It is observed that sulfur nutrition significantly influenced growth, yield attributing characters and yield over control. Sulfur nutrition through gypsum as a source 400 kg ha−1 in split mode viz., 200 kg as basal and 200 kg as top dressing during receipt of rains recorded highest plant height, more number of filled pods per plant, higher values for 100 pod weight, 100 kernel weight, pod yield and haulm yield. Split application of gypsum 400 kg ha−1 has increased pod yield to the tune of 31, 21 and 36 percent during 2011, 2012 and 2013 respectively.

  • Effect of biochar amendment on soil physical, chemical and biological properties and groundnut yield in rainfed Alfisol of semi-arid tropics
    Kannan Pandian, Ponmani Subramaniayan, Prabukumar Gnasekaran, and Swaminathan Chitraputhirapillai

    Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, ISSN: 03650340, eISSN: 14763567, Pages: 1293-1310, Published: 1 September 2016 Informa UK Limited
    ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of biochar and organic soil amendments on soil physicochemical and microbial load, carbon sequestration potential, nutrient uptake and yield of groundnut in acidic red soil under rainfed condition. Biochar was prepared from red gram, cotton, maize stalk and mesquite wood using pilot scale slow pyrolysis biochar unit. The above sources of biochar at the rate of 2.5 and 5 t ha−1 and enriched farmyard manure 0.75 t ha−1, composted coir pith 10 t ha−1 and arbuscular mycorrhizae 100 kg ha−1 were applied as basal with required nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium fertilizer. Biochar amendment at the rate of 5 t ha−1 reduced the bulk density from 1.41 to 1.36 g cm−3 and increased the soil moisture 2.5%. With respect to soil chemical changes, it raised soil pH from 5.7 to 6.3; increased the cation exchange capacity 1.4 cmol+ kg−1 and enhanced the carbon buildup 4.4 t ha−1. The significant differences in bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes population were observed between biochar and control. The nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium were better utilized under biochar and composted coir pith, which was 21, 5 and 20 kg ha−1 higher than control. The experimental results suggested that application of biochar to acidic red soil favoured good soil physical, chemical and biological environment, and these positive changes influenced growth and yield attributes and enhanced pod yield 29% over control.

  • Influence of microbial inoculants on seedling production in teak, (Tectona grandis Linn f.)
    C. Swaminathan and V. M. Srinivasan

    Journal of Sustainable Forestry, ISSN: 10549811, eISSN: 1540756X, Issue: 3-4, Pages: 63-76, Published: 20 July 2006 Informa UK Limited
    Abstract An experiment was conducted in forest college campus, Mettupalayam, India with an objective of studying the influence of microbial inoculants on seedling growth of teak. The fruits were collected from the seed production area in top slip (Tamil Nadu) from 63-year mother trees. The microbial inoculants viz., Azospirillum, Azotobacter, phosphobacteria, AMF, Azospirillum + AMF, Azotobacter+ AMF, phosphobacteria + AMF and an uninoculated control formed the treatments. The inoculants were mixed sand and red soil at 1:1:3 ratio, respectively, for preparing nursery mixture for filling the poly pots. The seeds were sown into the poly pots @ two seeds per pot. The experiment was set up in a randomized Block Design with three replications. Biometric observations on various growth attributes were recorded six months after treatment and also their survival in the main field-tested for one year. Azotobacter gave best performance with respect to shoot length, shoot weight and leaf area and combined inoculation of phosphobacteria and AMF gave higher root length and biomass, dry matter production and fine root weight. The survival was better in seedlings that were inoculated with phosphobacteria and AMF. However, below ground biomass and out planting survival during early phase are critical in any tree species. Hence it is concluded that inoculation of phosphobacteria and AMF conjointly be done for better survival and growth of teak seedlings.

  • Influence of micronutrients on seedling production in teak (Tectona grandis Linn.f.)
    Tropical Agriculture, ISSN: 00413216, Pages: 121-126, Published: April 2004

  • Improving germination in two Australian acacias
    Journal of Tropical Forest Science, ISSN: 01281283, Pages: 364-368, Published: April 2001

  • Sustainable tree mixtures: Optimum species combination for a tropical alfisol of southern india
    C. Swaminathan

    Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, ISSN: 01448765, Pages: 259-268, Published: 1 January 2001 Informa UK Limited
    ABSTRACT A five year field experiment was conducted to obtain information which will facilitate the scientific development of tree mixtures in an agroforestry system with two fruit trees, mango (Mangifera indica L.) and sapota (Achrus sapota L.) and three fast growing forest trees eucalyptus (Eucalyptus tereticornis L.), casuarina (Casuarina equisetifolia J.R. & G. Forst) and leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala (Lam) de Wit). Observations on biometrics and edaphic parameters were recorded. The results revealed that growth of sapota can be enhanced by 17% when grown in mixture with leucaena while co-planting of casuarina had no influence on sapota. A reduction of 12% in the growth of mango was observed when co-planted with casuarina or leucaena. Eucalyptus was incompatible with mango and sapota, which were suppressed by the former. The present investigation identified two tree mixtures sapota + leucaena and sapota + casuarina for raising in tropical alfisol for a sustainable income.

  • Sowing methods for pasture establishment in semi-arid regions
    Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, ISSN: 00195022, Pages: 38-40, Published: 2001

  • Reducing nursery period in four tropical hardwoods by Rhizobium inoculation
    Journal of Tropical Forest Science, ISSN: 01281283, Pages: 109-115, Published: January 2001

  • Comparative performance of cenchrus-legumes mixtures as understorey in Acacia leucophloea for silvipasture
    Tropical Agriculture, ISSN: 00413216, Pages: 232-235, Published: October 1999

  • Effects of eucalyptus and casuarina on the yield of intercrops in agroforestry systems
    Allelopathy Journal, ISSN: 09714693, Pages: 251-260, Published: July 1999

  • Early growth performance of mango and cashew coplanted with four nitrogen fixers in a tropical alfisol
    C. Swaminathan, C. V. Dhanakodi, and S. Mariappan

    Journal of Sustainable Forestry, ISSN: 10549811, eISSN: 1540756X, Pages: 15-26, Published: 1 June 1998 Informa UK Limited
    Abstract A five year field experiment was conducted to get information which will facilitate the scientific development of tree mixtures in an agroforestry system with two fruit trees viz., mango (Mangifera indica L.) and cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) and four tropical nitrogen fixers viz., Acacia auriculiformis, Acacia holosericea, Casua-rina equisetifolia and Leucaena leucocephala. Observations on biometrics and edaphic parameters were recorded. Enhanced growth of cashew and mango was observed when coplanted with casuarina and leucaena, respectively. The enhanced height growth of cashew by 25% is recorded when interplanted with casuarina and plant girth (10.8 cm) was maximum when interplanted with leucaena. About 11% increase in height growth of mango was registered when interplanted with leucaena. The investigation identified two nitrogen fixers namely casuarina and leucaena for coplanting in cashew and mango orchards, respectively in the initial establishment Stage.

  • Seedling invigoration through plant growth substances in teak (Tectona grandis)
    Journal of Tropical Forest Science, ISSN: 01281283, Pages: 310-316, Published: March 1996

  • Effect of bark leachates of multipurpose trees on germination and seedling growth of maize, pigeonpea and sesame
    Allelopathy Journal, ISSN: 09714693, Pages: 77-80, Published: January 1996

  • Improving seed germination of Derris indica by vertical sowing
    Journal of Tropical Forest Science, ISSN: 01281283, Pages: 152-158, Published: 1993

  • Growth performance of two forms of Prosopis juliflora (Swartz.) DC
    Myforest, Pages: 192-194, Published: 1991

  • Allelopathic effects of parthenium hystero- phorvs on germination and seedling growth of a few multi-purpose trees and arable crops
    C. SWAMINATHAN, R. S. VINAYA RAI, and K. K. SURESH

    International Tree Crops Journal, ISSN: 01435698, Issue: 2-3, Pages: 143-150, Published: 1990 Informa UK Limited
    SUMMARY The allelopathic influence of Parthenium hysterphorus, a gregarious and ubiquitous weed, on four multi-purpose tree species – Acacia leucophloea, Casuarina equisetifolia, Eucalyptus tereticornis and Leucaena leucocephala and three agricultural crops – cowpea, sorghum and sunflower – were tested by germinating seeds of these species in composite leachate obtained from the leaves, stem and flowers of the weed species. Germination of seeds of all test species, arboreal and arable, was severely inhibited by the leachate. In the tree crops, the magnitude of injury was the same under extracts prepared from 2 or 4 ml of distilled water per g of plant tissue. Among the arable crops, sunflower was affected to a greater extent. While radicle and plumule elongation were unaffected in the tree crops and in sunflower, plumule was curbed to a greater extent than radicle in cowpea. In sorghum, only radicle growth was impaired. The inhibition of germination and seedling growth is attributed to parthenin, an unsat...

RECENT SCHOLAR PUBLICATIONS

  • Applying both biochar and phosphobacteria enhances Vigna mungo L. growth and yield in acid soils by increasing soil pH, moisture content, microbial growth and P availability
    P Kannan, M Paramasivan, S Marimuthu, C Swaminathan, J Bose
    Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 308, 107258 2021

  • Challenges in Pulses Productivity and Agronomic Opportunities for Enhancing Growth and Yield in Blackgram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper]: A Review
    PA C. Swaminathan, R. Surya, E. Subramanian
    Legume Research-An International journal 2021

  • Performance of Pod Orientation at Sowing on Germination and Its Related Attributes in Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)
    CS P. Nivethadevi, E. Sobhana
    Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 2021

  • Rainfall and crop diversity analysis for response farming in Annur block of Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
    PK R Deepika, CSWaminathan, NK Sathiyamoorthy
    International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences 2 (4), 102-106 2020

  • Effects of crop residue mulch and seedbed preparation methods on soil properties and rainfed groundnut production in Alfisols of semi‐arid India
    K Pandian, P Subramaniayan, P Gnasekaran, S Chitraputhirapillai
    Soil Use and Management 2020

  • A novel crop-stand establishment technique for Blackgram (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper) under Rice-pulse cropping system in delta regions
    CSPA R Surya, E Subramaniam
    International Journal of Chemical Studies 8 (4), 137-139 2020

  • Improving Seed Germination in Mimusops elengi L.
    VSKS C. Swaminathan
    International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 9 (6 2020

  • A Popular Article on Green House Gases
    SC Pillai
    Available at SSRN 3551112 2020

  • Food Crops Production Using ‘Positive Allelopathy’ Potential of Tropical Harwoods.
    C Swaminathan
    Biology & Sustainability eJOURNAL 4 (2) 2020

  • Trees – The Perpetual Carbon Traders
    C Swaminathan
    Agricultural & Natural Resource Economics eJOURNAL 12 (26) 2020

  • Zero based Natural farming- principles, pillars and production
    VSPK C.Swaminathan, E. Sobhana
    Organic farming practices and sustainable agriculture 3, 1-19 2020

  • Bulb Orientation at Sowing Influences Germination and Yield in Onion (Allium cepa L)
    PNDVS C Swaminathan
    Indian Horticulture Journal 10 (3/4), 56-60 2020

  • Energy Auditing in Crop Production
    ESPA C. Swaminathan, R. Surya
    Latest Trends in Agriculture Sciences 1, 137-155 2020

  • A Theoretical Understanding of Cloud Seeding, Its Types and Applications
    PKVS E. Sobhana, C. Swaminathan
    Advances in Agronomy 12, 119-141 2020

  • Cover Crops-Best Companion for Conservation Agriculture
    CSPK E. Sobhana
    Advances in Agronomy 12, 143-158 2020

  • Paper and Coffee Industries Solid Wastes, Their Problems and Management
    NKC Swaminathan
    Research Trends in Environmental Science 4, 133-149 2020

  • Biology and Management of Cyperus spp. (L.) and Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.
    NKC Swaminathan
    Advances in Agronomy 10, 81-97 2020

  • Advance in Agronomy
    AKRUK Tripathi
    AkiNik Publications, New Delhi 10, 154 2020

  • Advances in Agronomy
    AKRUK tripathi
    ISBN 9789390322954/9789390322961 Akinik Publications, New Delhi 12, 201 2020

  • Trees–The Perpetual Carbon Traders
    SC Pillai
    Available at SSRN 3519047 2020

MOST CITED SCHOLAR PUBLICATIONS

  • ALLELOPATHIC EFFECTS OF PARTHENIUM HYSTERO-PHORUS ON GERMINATION AND SEEDLING GROWTH OF A FEW MULTI-PURPOSE TREES AND
    C Swaminathan, RSV Rai, KK Suresh
    International Tree Crops Journal 6 (2-3), 143-150 1990
    Citations: 82

  • Effect of biochar amendment on soil physical, chemical and biological properties and groundnut yield in rainfed Alfisol of semi-arid tropics
    K Pandian, P Subramaniayan, P Gnasekaran, S Chitraputhirapillai
    Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 62 (9), 1293-1310 2016
    Citations: 57

  • Panchgavya: Boon To Organic Farming
    C Swaminathan
    IBDC Publishers 2007
    Citations: 41

  • Allelopathic proclivities of Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del.
    C Swaminathan, RSV Rai, KK Suresh
    Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 56-60 1989
    Citations: 38

  • Neem, a treatise
    KK Singh
    IK International Pvt Ltd 2009
    Citations: 27

  • Food production through vrkshayurvedic way
    C Swaminathan
    Technol. for Natural Farming, 18-22 2005
    Citations: 18

  • Evaluation of Seed Test Weight on Major Field Crops
    SCS Deivasigamani
    International Journal of Research Studies in Agricultural Sciences 4 (1), 8-11 2018
    Citations: 17

  • Preliminary evaluation of variations in anatomical properties of Melia dubia Cav. Wood
    RVRSS Swaminathan, C.
    ISCA Journal of Biological sciences. 1 (4), 1-8 2012
    Citations: 17

  • Improving seed germination of Derris indica by vertical sowing
    C Swaminathan, RSV Rai, KK Suresh, K Sivaganam
    Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 152-158 1993
    Citations: 16

  • Effects of combined application of biofertilisers with neem cake on soil fertility, grain yield and protein content of black gram (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper).
    R Murugan, C Swaminathan, P Niemsdorff, N Karthikeyan
    World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 7 (5), 583-590 2011
    Citations: 14

  • Genetic variability studies in fodder cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp)
    D Malarvizhi, C Swaminathan, S Robin, K Kannan
    Legume Research-An International Journal 28 (1), 52-54 2005
    Citations: 11

  • Seedling invigoration through plant growth substances in teak (Tectona grandis)
    C Swaminathan, VM Srinivasan
    Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 310-316 1996
    Citations: 11

  • Effect of bark leachates of multipurpose trees on germination and seedling growth of maize, pigeonpea and sesame.
    C Swaminathan
    Allelopathy Journal 3 (1), 77-80 1996
    Citations: 9

  • Sulfur nutrition for enhancing rainfed groundnut productivity in typical alfisol of semi-arid regions in India
    P Kannan, C Swaminathan, S Ponmani
    Journal of Plant Nutrition 40 (6), 828-840 2017
    Citations: 8

  • Sustainable tree mixtures: Optimum species combination for a tropical alfisol of southern India
    C Swaminathan
    Biological agriculture & horticulture 18 (3), 259-268 2001
    Citations: 8

  • Panchagavya
    C Swaminathan, V Swaminathan, R Richard Kennedy
    Kisan World, 57-58 2007
    Citations: 7

  • Influence of Microbial Inoculants on Seedling Production in Teak (Tectona grandis L.f.)
    C Swaminathan, VM Srinivasan
    Journal of Sustainable Forestry 22 (3-4), 63-76 2006
    Citations: 7

  • Intensive farming system for semi-arid regions. Today’s indispensable venture
    CCSKV Ganeche
    Low External Input and Sustainable Agriculture. 2 (3), 21-22 2001
    Citations: 7

  • Importance of seed management on germination and seedling growth of four tropical legumes
    C Swaminathan, P Srimathi
    Range Management and Agroforestry 15 (1), 43-7 1994
    Citations: 6

  • Seed attributes in relation to their position in the pod and its influence on seedling establishment of four ornamental tree species
    P Srimathi, C Swaminathan, K Sivagnanam, C Surendran
    Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 245-248 1992
    Citations: 6