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Associate Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences
NIGER DELTA UNIVERSITY
Tamaraemumoemi Okoro is a Fellow of the West African College of Physicians. She is an internal medicine physician and a cardiologist. She has served as the Head of the Cardiology Unit at Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital since 2010. She is an associate professor and was the Head of the Department of Internal Medicine, at Niger Delta University, Nigeria, from 2015 to 2021 and the Sub-Dean at the Faculty of Clinical Sciences at Niger Delta University from 2019 to 2021. She is currently undergoing a Ph.D. program in public health at Morgan State University, Maryland, USA. She has over 30 publications in peer-reviewed journals.
cardiovascular diseases, maternal and child health
Background There is ample historical evidence that Non-Hispanic Blacks (NHBs) have the highest infant and maternal mortality rates and the lowest life expectancy across racial and ethnic groups in the USA. Maryland mirrors the national profile in these health indices. Objective This review aims to highlight the counties in Maryland with significant racial disparities in maternal and infant mortality rates and life expectancy, highlight the identified contributory factors and make recommendations on how Historically Black Colleges and Universities can be critical partners in providing solutions. Methods Google Scholar and PubMed electronic databases were used for literature extraction. Inclusion criteria: peer-reviewed published literature assessing racial disparities in infant and maternal mortality and life expectancy; data from the CDC and state health departments. Exclusion criteria: unverified data sources; studies without data on African American population.