Medical Laboratory of Technology
College of Health Science of Bina Cipta Husada
Lecturer of Medical Laboratory of Technology
Bachelor Degree of Biology of Jenderal Soedirman University (UNSOED)
Master of Science of Biology (Microbiology) of Jenderal Soedirman University (UNSOED)
Microbiology, Immunology, Medical Mycology, Histology
Soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) is the third food crop commodity after rice and maize in Indonesia. This plant is also known as the most important source of vegetable protein, which is relatively inexpensive, but a decrease in soybean productivity can occur due to infection with disease-causing pathogens, one of is Cercospora kikuchii which causes Cercospora leaf blight (CLB). The research objectives were to determine the anatomical resistance and disease severity of soybean cultivars against CLB. The method was an experiment with a completely randomized design (CRD) factorial pattern; factor 1 being soybean cultivars (Dering, Slamet, Grobogan, Wilis) and factor 2, namely pathogen inoculation (0 conidiospores/mL and 105 conidiospores/mL). Anatomical method preparations using paraffin, staining with 1% safranin. Disease criteria are based on the council of scientific and industrial research (CSIR) assessment method. Data were analysis used analysis of variance (p<0.05)
To identify the benefits of ethanol extracts of the C. comatus fruit body in streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemic rats by evaluating their blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), insulin, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4), and glutathione (GSH) levels, with and without extract administration
The study evaluated in vitro and in vivo treatments to evaluate antioxidant effect and activity of C. comatus. The in vivo treatment was conducted using six groups of Wistar rats (n = 24). Group 1 healthy control (HC), groups 2–6 received 45 mg/Kg BW of streptozotocin once, group 2 just streptozotocin-induced (NC), group 3 was given 45 mg/kg BW of metformin (PC), groups 4–6 were given 250 (T1), 500 (T2), and 750 mg (T3) of C. comatus extract for 14 days, and the in vitro was conducted using an antioxidant oxidant assay. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and Duncan’s multiple-range tests
Nuniek Ina Ratnaningtyas, Fajar Husen, Dalia Sukmawati, Eko Setio Wibowo, Arif Rahman Hikam, and Adil Aksoy
Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology, ISSN: 09737510, eISSN: 2581690X, Pages: 2764-2774, Published: December 2022 Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology
Coprinus comatus (O.F. Mull.) Pers. is a medicinal and edible mushroom containing bioactive compounds known as antidiabetic and antioxidant agents. The pancreatic β-cells were sensitive to reactive oxygen species (ROS) attacks, which can cause necrosis and disrupt insulin production. Therefore, this research aimed to evaluate the C. comatus ethyl acetate extract for antidiabetic and antioxidant to decrease fasting blood glucose, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 enzyme (DPP-4) levels, and increase glutathione peroxidase (GPx). Subsequently, 24 male Wistar rats were divided into six groups, namely 2-5 streptozotocin (STZ)-induced 45 mg/kg, 1/HC (without any treatment), 2/NC (negative control), 3/PC (administered metformin 45 mg/kg Body weight (BW), 4-6 (T1: administered 250 mg, T2: administered 500 mg, and T3: administered 750 mg/kg BW extract). The parameters were analyzed using ANOVA, followed by Duncan’s multiple range test. According to the results, the extract significantly decreased DPP-4 levels, blood glucose and increased GPx (p ≤ 0.05). The 500 mg extract effectively reduced blood glucose levels and DPP-4 enzyme as well as increased levels of GPx.
Nuniek Ina Ratnaningtyas, Fajar Husen, Hernayanti Hernayanti, Nuraeni Ekowati, and Bambang Heru Budianto
Molekul, ISSN: 19079761, eISSN: 25030310, Pages: 335-345, Published: 19 November 2022 Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
oprinus comatus (O.F. Mull.) is an edible mushroom that is used as an anti-inflammatory agent. Therefore, this study aims to determine the effect of inflammation treatment on symptoms alleviating, function maintenance, and inhibiting the process of tissue damage due to an increase in free radicals using drug formulations with high antioxidant compounds. This is a true experiment conducted using a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with a post-test and a control group. The rats were divided into 6 categories, which include 1 healthy and 5 groups induced with 1% carrageenan. Out of the treatment groups, 3 were treated with ethanol extract of C. comatus fruiting body at doses of 250 (T1), 500 (T2), and 750 mg/kg BW (T3), 1 received diclofenac sodium (PC) and the other as a negative control (NC), were given extract for 14 days and induced with 0.5 mL carrageenan in paw of rats at day 15. The qualitative identification showed the extracts contains flavonoid, polyphenol, alkaloid, triterpenoid, steroids and saponins, and GC-MS analysis showed 10 putative metabolites compound. T2 group significantly decreased the levels of IL-1β (70.63%), IgE (59.04%), total leukocyte count (31.24%), plantar thickness (12.5%), edema volume (33.3%), and increased endothelial NO levels (48.2%).
N. I. Ratnaningtyas, Hernayanti Hernayanti, Nuraeni Ekowati and F. Husen
Pharmaceutical Biology, ISSN: 13880209, eISSN: 17445116, Pages: 1126-1136, Published: 2022
Abstract Context Edible mushrooms have a long history of use in traditional Chinese or Japanese medicine. Coprinus comatus (O.F. Müll.) Pers. (Agaricaceae) contains antioxidant and antidiabetic agents. Objective To identify the benefits of ethanol extracts of the C. comatus fruit body in streptozotocin-induced hyperglycaemic rats by evaluating their blood glucose, glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c), insulin, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4), and glutathione (GSH) levels, with and without extract administration. Materials and methods Wistar rats were either left untreated or were administered 45 mg/kg body weight (BW) streptozotocin; 45 mg/kg BW metformin; or 250, 500, or 750 mg/kg BW extract for 14 days. The blood glucose, GLP-1, DPP-4, GSH, insulin, and HbA1c levels were determined. Data were analysed using analysis of variance and Duncan’s multiple range tests. Results Preliminary data showed that administration of C. comatus ethanol extract dose of 250, 500, and 750 mg orally has no toxicity effects after 24 h administration. The ethanolic extract of fruiting body of C. comatus considerably reduced the rat’s fasting blood glucose levels 26.69%, and DPP-4 6.97% at dose of 750 mg. The extract reduced HbA1c 4–4.30%, increased GLP-1 71.09%, GSH 11.19% at dose of 500 mg, and increased insulin levels 13.83%. Extracts contain bioactive compounds such as flavonoid, alkaloid, terpenoids, vitamins C and E, rutin, and saponin. Conclusions The C. comatus extract can be used as herbal medicine that reduces diabetic symptoms. Further investigation on C. comatus extracts should be conducted with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to characterise the bioactive compounds.
N. I. Ratnaningtyas, Hernayanti, N. Ekowati and F. Husen
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, ISSN: 17551307, eISSN: 17551315, Volume: 948, Published: 16 December 2021
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease with an increasing prevalence. An increase in free radicals and AGEs can cause glomerular cell damage which can lead to inflammation and DM nephropathy. WHO has recommended DM treatment by using herbal medicines that have minimal side effects and have a lot of biological activity to prevent complications. Coprinus comatus (O.F. Mull.) is known as immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic agent. The research used C. comatus cultivated in Cianjur. The basidiome of this mushroom has slightly oval and small with height of 8-12 cm and thickness of 2-3 cm. The research included six groups of male Wistar rats: Group 1 received no treatment, Groups 2–6 were administered 45 mg/kg BW streptozotocin once, Group 3 was administered 45 mg/kg BW metformin, Groups 4, 5, and 6 were administered 250, 500, and 750 mg/kg BW of C. comatus fruit body ethanol extract respectively for 14 days. The superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), hepcidin and β2 microglobulin (B2M) levels were evaluated. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and Duncan’s multiple-range tests. The results showed that dose of 500 mg was effective in increasing SOD and decreasing hepcidin, B2M and MDA levels.
Fajar Husen, Hernayanti Hernayanti, Nuraeni Ekowati, Dalia Sukmawati, and Nuniek Ina Ratnaningtyas
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, ISSN: 15219437, eISSN: 19404344, Pages: 9-21, Published: 2021 Begell House
Coprinus comatus is known for its antihyperglycemic benefits. This study aimed to identify the effect of bioactive compounds of C. comatus extract as an antidiabetic agent linked to glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and antioxidant properties in increasing glutathione (GSH) levels. This study used six groups of Wistar rats (n = 24). Group 1 comprised the healthy control. Groups 2-6 received 45 mg of streptozotocin/kg body weight (BW) once. Group 3 was also given 45 mg of metformin/kg BW, whereas groups 4-6 were also given 250, 500, and 750 mg of C. comatus ethyl acetate extract/kg BW for 14 days. Antidiabetic effects of alkaloids and saponin were seen in blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) degradation, increased insulin, and increased inhibition of GLP-1 through dipeptidyl peptidase-4 activity. Flavonoid antioxidants, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), and α-tocopherol (vitamin E) are useful in protecting pancreatic в cells from free radicals. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and Duncan's multiple range test. C. comatus ethyl acetate extract at doses of 250, 500, and 750 mg/kg BW worked as an antidiabetic and antioxidant agent that contained flavonoids (16.4 mg/L), alkaloids (2.97 mg/L), saponin, rutin (351.13 ppm), vitamin C (132.342 mg/L), and vitamin E (102.320 g/L). The 250-mg dose was effective in increasing insulin (8.11 mlU/mL) and reducing blood glucose (23.92%) and HbA1c (3.775%), whereas the 500-mg dose was effective in increasing levels of GLP-1 (1056.923 ng/L) and GSH (4.62 μmol/L).
Effervescent of Mushroom Extracts