Luis Varela Rodríguez

Verified email at uach.mx

Research Professor, Faculty of Nursing and Nutriology
Autonomous University of Chihuahua



                                                                       

https://researchid.co/lvarela

My academic formation is as Clinical Chemistry (B.Sc.) and Research (Ph.D.), because I have post-graduate studies in Biotechnology and Molecular Pathogenesis, respectively. Likewise, I have done short-term research stays in the Faculty of Chemical Sciences (FCQ-UACH), and the LANGEBIO (UGA-CINVESTAV), that have allowed me to develop some skills and abilities, such as:
• Extraction, isolation, purification, analysis, identification and quantification of nucleic
acids, proteins, and metabolites (primary/secondary) by electrophoresis, qPCR, Western-
blot, and HPLC/GC-MS.
• cDNA synthesis
• Digestion with restriction enzymes
• Cloning with ligases
• Cell transformation (prokaryotic and eukaryotic)
• Genomic editing
• Management of primary and secondary cell culture (prokaryotic and eukaryotic)
• Evaluation of morphology, viability, proliferation, migration, ROS, death, and cell cycle
• Preservation of tissue and preparation of histological sections
• Handling, maintenance and testing on animal models
• Bromatological analysis
• Bioinformatic analysis

Currently, I am attached to the Faculty of Nursing and Nutrition from the Autonomous University of Chihuahua (FEN-UACH) as a partial-time Research Professor. I have extensive teaching experience with classes in basic science, such as: Biochemistry, Microbiology, Parasitology, Pathophysiology, Chemistry and Biology. As Researcher, I am member from the National System of Researchers in Mexico (SNI, candidate level). I have presented academic consultancies, directed thesis at Bachelor of Science/Postgraduate level, and published some scientific articles in journals from the Web of Science, with impact factor and indexed, according to Journal of Citation Reports.

EDUCATION

Doctor of Science (D.Sc.) Infectomics and Molecular Pathogenesis, Research and Advanced Studies Center (CINVESTAV-IPN)
Master of Science (M.Sc.) Biotechnology, Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Autonomous University of Chihuahua (FCQ-UACH)
Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) Chemistry and Bacteriology-Parasitology (Q.B.P.), Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Autonomous University of Chihuahua (FCQ-UACH)

RESEARCH INTERESTS

I am interested in made basic and applied research. Some areas in which I am interested in study are: Toxicology, Ethnobotany, Bioinformatics, Nanomedicine, Developmental Biology and Cancer.

5

Scopus Publications

42

Scholar Citations

3

Scholar h-index

2

Scholar i10-index

Scopus Publications

  • Antineoplastic activity of rhus trilobata nutt. (anacardiaceae) against ovarian cancer and identification of active metabolites in this pathology
    Luis Varela-Rodríguez, Blanca Sánchez-Ramírez, Erika Saenz-Pardo-Reyes, José Juan Ordaz-Ortiz, Rodrigo Daniel Castellanos-Mijangos, Verónica Ivonne Hernández-Ramírez, Carlos Martín Cerda-García-Rojas, Carmen González-Horta, and Patricia Talamás-Rohana

    Plants, eISSN: 22237747, Published: October 2021 MDPI AG
    Rhus trilobata (RHTR) is a medicinal plant with cytotoxic activity in different cancer cell lines. However, the active compounds in this plant against ovarian cancer are unknown. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the antineoplastic activity of RHTR and identify its active metabolites against ovarian cancer. The aqueous extract (AE) and an active fraction (AF02) purified on C18-cartridges/ethyl acetate decreased the viability of SKOV-3 cells at 50 and 38 μg/mL, respectively, compared with CHO-K1 (>50 μg/mL) in MTT assays and generated changes in the cell morphology with apoptosis induction in Hemacolor® and TUNEL assays (p ≤ 0.05, ANOVA). The metabolite profile of AF02 showed a higher abundance of flavonoid and lipid compounds compared with AE by UPLC-MSE. Gallic acid and myricetin were the most active compounds in RHTR against SKOV-3 cells at 50 and 166 μg/mL, respectively (p ≤ 0.05, ANOVA). Antineoplastic studies in Nu/Nu female mice with subcutaneous SKOV-3 cells xenotransplant revealed that 200 mg/kg/i.p. of AE and AF02 inhibited ovarian tumor lesions from 37.6% to 49% after 28 days (p ≤ 0.05, ANOVA). In conclusion, RHTR has antineoplastic activity against ovarian cancer through a cytostatic effect related to gallic acid and myricetin. Therefore, RHTR could be a complementary treatment for this pathology.

  • Linearolactone and Kaempferol Disrupt the Actin Cytoskeleton in Entamoeba histolytica: Inhibition of Amoebic Liver Abscess Development
    José Antonio Velázquez-Domínguez, Verónica Ivonne Hernández-Ramírez, Fernando Calzada, Luis Varela-Rodríguez, Diana L. Pichardo-Hernández, Elihú Bautista, Mayra Herrera-Martínez, Rodrigo D. Castellanos-Mijangos, Audifas Salvador Matus-Meza, Bibiana Chávez-Munguía, and Patricia Talamás-Rohana

    Journal of Natural Products, ISSN: 01633864, eISSN: 15206025, Pages: 3671-3680, Published: 24 December 2020 American Chemical Society (ACS)
    Linearolactone (1) and kaempferol (2) have amebicidal activity in in vitro studies. The type of cell death induced by 1 and 2 and their effects on the virulence of E. histolytica were analyzed by transmission and confocal electron microscopy, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and apoptosis, detected by flow cytometry with dichlorofluorescein 2',7'-diacetate and annexin-V binding, respectively, and confirmed by TUNEL. The interaction of 1 and 2 with actin was analyzed by docking, and the in vivo amoebicidal activity was established with the Mesocricetus auratus model; amebic liver abscess (ALA) development was evaluated by magnetic resonance (MR) and validated post mortem. In vitro, compounds 1 and 2 caused chromatin condensation, intracellular ROS, and loss of actin structures. Coupling analysis showed that they bind to the allosteric and catalytic sites of actin with binding energies of -11.30 and -8.45 kcal/mol, respectively. Treatments with 1 and 2 induced a decrease in ALA formation without toxic effects on the liver and kidney. Thus, compound 1, but not 2, was able to induce apoptosis-like effects in E. histolytica trophozoites by intracellular production of ROS that affected the actin cytoskeleton structuration. In vivo, compound 1 was more active than compound 2 to reduce the development of ALA.

  • Functional Characterization of the Lin28/let-7 Circuit During Forelimb Regeneration in Ambystoma mexicanum and Its Influence on Metabolic Reprogramming
    Hugo Varela-Rodríguez, Diana G. Abella-Quintana, Annie Espinal-Centeno, Luis Varela-Rodríguez, David Gomez-Zepeda, Juan Caballero-Pérez, Paola L. García-Medel, Luis G. Brieba, José J. Ordaz-Ortiz, and Alfredo Cruz-Ramirez

    Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, eISSN: 2296634X, Published: 19 November 2020 Frontiers Media SA
    The axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) is a caudate amphibian, which has an extraordinary ability to restore a wide variety of damaged structures by a process denominated epimorphosis. While the origin and potentiality of progenitor cells that take part during epimorphic regeneration are known to some extent, the metabolic changes experienced and their associated implications, remain unexplored. However, a circuit with a potential role as a modulator of cellular metabolism along regeneration is that formed by Lin28/let-7. In this study, we report two Lin28 paralogs and eight mature let-7 microRNAs encoded in the axolotl genome. Particularly, in the proliferative blastema stage amxLin28B is more abundant in the nuclei of blastemal cells, while the microRNAs amx-let-7c and amx-let-7a are most downregulated. Functional inhibition of Lin28 factors increase the levels of most mature let-7 microRNAs, consistent with an increment of intermediary metabolites of the Krebs cycle, and phenotypic alterations in the outgrowth of the blastema. In summary, we describe the primary components of the Lin28/let-7 circuit and their function during axolotl regeneration, acting upstream of metabolic reprogramming events.

  • Effect of gallic acid and myricetin on ovarian cancer models: A possible alternative antitumoral treatment
    Luis Varela-Rodríguez, Blanca Sánchez-Ramírez, Verónica Ivonne Hernández-Ramírez, Hugo Varela-Rodríguez, Rodrigo Daniel Castellanos-Mijangos, Carmen González-Horta, Bibiana Chávez-Munguía, and Patricia Talamás-Rohana

    BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies, eISSN: 26627671, Published: 10 April 2020 Springer Science and Business Media LLC
    Background Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of mortality among malignant gynecological tumors. Surgical resection and chemotherapy with intravenous platinum/taxanes drugs are the treatments of choice, with little effectiveness in later stages and severe toxicological effects. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the antineoplastic activity of gallic acid (GA) and myricetin (Myr) administrated peritumorally in Nu/Nu mice xenotransplanted with SKOV-3 cells. Methods Biological activity of GA and MYR was evaluated in SKOV-3 and OVCAR-3 cells (ovarian adenocarcinomas) by confocal/transmission electron microscopy, PI-flow cytometry, H 2 -DCF-DA stain, MTT, and Annexin V/PI assays. Molecular targets of compounds were determined with ACD/I-Labs and SEA. Antineoplastic activity was performed in SKOV-3 cells subcutaneously xenotransplanted into female Nu/Nu mice treated peritumorally with 50 mg/kg of each compound (2 alternate days/week) for 28 days. Controls used were paclitaxel (5 mg/kg) and 20 μL of vehicle (0.5% DMSO in 1X PBS). Tumor lesions, organs and sera were evaluated with NMR, USG, histopathological, and paraclinical studies. Results In vitro studies showed a decrease of cell viability with GA and Myr in SKOV-3 (50 and 166 μg/mL) and OVCAR-3 (43 and 94 μg/mL) cells respectively, as well as morphological changes, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis induction due to ROS generation ( p  ≤ 0.05, ANOVA). In silico studies suggest that GA and MYR could interact with carbonic anhydrase IX and PI3K, respectively. In vivo studies revealed inhibitory effects on tumor lesions development with GA and MYR up to 50% ( p  ≤ 0.05, ANOVA), with decreased vascularity, necrotic/fibrotic areas, neoplastic stroma retraction and apoptosis. However, toxicological effects were observed with GA treatment, such as leukocyte infiltrate and hepatic parenchyma loss, hypertransaminasemia (ALT: 150.7 ± 25.60 U/L), and hypoazotemia (urea: 33.4 ± 7.4 mg/dL), due to the development of chronic hepatitis ( p  ≤ 0.05, ANOVA). Conclusion GA and Myr (50 mg/kg) administered by peritumoral route, inhibit ovarian tumor lesions development in rodents with some toxicological effects. Additional studies will be necessary to find the appropriate therapeutic dose for GA. Therefore, GA and Myr could be considered as a starting point for the development of novel anticancer agents.

  • Biological and toxicological evaluation of Rhus trilobata Nutt. (Anacardiaceae) used traditionally in mexico against cancer
    Luis Varela-Rodríguez, Blanca Sánchez-Ramírez, Ivette Stephanie Rodríguez-Reyna, José Juan Ordaz-Ortiz, David Chávez-Flores, Erika Salas-Muñoz, Juan Carlos Osorio-Trujillo, Ernesto Ramos-Martínez, and Patricia Talamás-Rohana

    BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, eISSN: 14726882, Published: 1 July 2019 Springer Science and Business Media LLC
    BackgroundRhus trilobata Nutt. (Anacardiaceae) (RHTR) is a plant of Mexico that is traditionally used as an alternative treatment for several types of cancer. However, the phytochemical composition and potential toxicity of this plant have not been evaluated to support its therapeutic use. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the biological activity of RHTR against colorectal adenocarcinoma cells, determine its possible acute toxicity, and analyze its phytochemical composition.MethodsThe traditional preparation was performed by decoction of stems in distilled water (aqueous extract, AE), and flavonoids were concentrated with C18-cartridges and ethyl acetate (flavonoid fraction, FF). The biological activity was evaluated by MTT viability curves and the TUNEL assay in colorectal adenocarcinoma (CACO-2), ovarian epithelium (CHO-K1) and lung/bronchus epithelium (BEAS-2B) cells. The toxicological effect was determined in female BALB/c mice after 24 h and 14 days of intraperitoneal administration of 200 mg/kg AE and FF, respectively. Later, the animals were sacrificed for histopathological observation of organs and sera obtained by retro-orbital bleeding for biochemical marker analysis. Finally, the phytochemical characterization of AE and FF was conducted by UPLC-MSE.ResultsIn the MTT assays, AE and FF at 5 and 18 μg/mL decreased the viability of CACO-2 cells compared with cells treated with vehicle or normal cells (p ≤ 0.05, ANOVA), with changes in cell morphology and the induction of apoptosis. Anatomical and histological analysis of organs did not reveal important pathological lesions at the time of assessment. Additionally, biochemical markers remained normal and showed no differences from those of the control group after 24 h and 14 days of treatment (p ≤ 0.05, ANOVA). Finally, UPLC-MSE analysis revealed 173 compounds in AE-RHTR, primarily flavonoids, fatty acids and phenolic acids. The most abundant compounds in AE and FF were quercetin and myricetin derivates (glycosides), methyl gallate, epigallocatechin-3-cinnamate, β-PGG, fisetin and margaric acid, which might be related to the anticancer properties of RHTR.ConclusionRHTR exhibits biological activity against cancer cells and does not present adverse toxicological effects during its in vivo administration, supporting its traditional use.

RECENT SCHOLAR PUBLICATIONS

  • Pharmacological Properties of Linearolactone against the Amoebiasis Caused by Entamoeba histolytica: An In Silico Study
    L Varela-Rodrguez, JA Velzquez-Domnguez, VI Hernndez-Ramrez, ...
    Medical Sciences Forum 7 (1), 3 2021

  • Antineoplastic Activity of Rhus trilobata Nutt. (Anacardiaceae) against Ovarian Cancer and Identification of Active Metabolites in This Pathology
    PTR Luis Varela-Rodrguez, Blanca Snchez-Ramrez, Erika Saenz-Pardo-Reyes ...
    Plants 10 (10), 2074 2021

  • Cytotoxic activity of gallic acid and myricetin against ovarian cancer cells by production of reactive oxygen species
    L Varela-Rodrguez, P Talams-Rohana, B Snchez-Ramrez, ...
    Biology and Life Sciences Forum 7 (1), 7 2021

  • Linearolactone and Kaempferol Disrupt the Actin Cytoskeleton in Entamoeba histolytica: Inhibition of Amoebic Liver Abscess Development
    JA Velzquez-Domnguez, VI Hernndez-Ramrez, F Calzada, ...
    Journal of Natural Products 2020

  • Functional Characterization of the Lin28/let-7 Circuit During Forelimb Regeneration in Ambystoma mexicanum and Its Influence on Metabolic Reprogramming
    H Varela-Rodrguez, DG Abella-Quintana, A Espinal-Centeno, ...
    Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology 8 (562940), 1-27 2020

  • Effect of Gallic acid and Myricetin on ovarian cancer models: a possible alternative antitumoral treatment
    L Varela-Rodrguez, C Gonzlez-Horta, B Snchez-Ramrez, TR Patricia, ...
    BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies 20 (110), 1-16 2020

  • Biological and toxicological evaluation of Rhus trilobata Nutt.(Anacardiaceae) used traditionally in Mexico against cancer
    L Varela-Rodrguez, B Snchez-Ramrez, IS Rodrguez-Reyna, ...
    BMC complementary and alternative medicine 19 (1), 1-18 2019

  • Investigacin aplicada al cncer de ovario
    FA Durazo-Bustamante, VI Hernndez-Ramrez, L Varela-Rodrguez
    Ciencia 69 (1), 56-62 2018

  • Caracterizacin qumica y actividad antineoplsica de principios activos de Rhus trilobata en un modelo murino de cncer de ovario
    L Varela Rodrguez
    Tesis (DC)--Centro de Investigacin y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN 2017

  • Acute toxicity evaluation of Rhus trilobata stems extract in BALB/c mice
    IS Rodrguez-Reyna, L Varela-Rodrguez, P Hernndez-Rodrguez, ...
    Toxicology Letters, S193 2016

  • Subacute toxicity determination of intraperitoneal treatment of BALB/c mice with Rhus trilobata
    L Varela-Rodrguez, IS Rodrguez-Reyna, B Snchez-Ramrez, ...
    Toxicology Letters, S195 2016

  • Cytotoxic effect of Rhus trilobata in cells of ovarian cancer SKOV-3
    L Varela-Rodrguez, M Cerda-Garca-Rojas, D Chvez-Flores, ...
    Obzory po Klinicheskoj Farmacologii i Lekarstvennoj Terapii 13 (Supl 2015), 94 2015

  • Directorio, Comit Editorial, Comit Cientfico, Contenido
    MI Girn-Prez
    Revista Bio Ciencias 2 (4 supl) 2014

  • premiados 2014
    DG Valencia
    Botanical Sciences 92 (1), 145-151 2014

  • FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS QUIMICAS SECRETARIA DE INVESTIGACION Y POSGRADO
    C CaCo
    UNIVERSIDAD AUTONOMA DE CHIHUAHUA 2013

MOST CITED SCHOLAR PUBLICATIONS

  • Effect of Gallic acid and Myricetin on ovarian cancer models: a possible alternative antitumoral treatment
    L Varela-Rodrguez, C Gonzlez-Horta, B Snchez-Ramrez, TR Patricia, ...
    BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies 20 (110), 1-16 2020
    Citations: 21

  • Biological and toxicological evaluation of Rhus trilobata Nutt.(Anacardiaceae) used traditionally in Mexico against cancer
    L Varela-Rodrguez, B Snchez-Ramrez, IS Rodrguez-Reyna, ...
    BMC complementary and alternative medicine 19 (1), 1-18 2019
    Citations: 14

  • Functional Characterization of the Lin28/let-7 Circuit During Forelimb Regeneration in Ambystoma mexicanum and Its Influence on Metabolic Reprogramming
    H Varela-Rodrguez, DG Abella-Quintana, A Espinal-Centeno, ...
    Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology 8 (562940), 1-27 2020
    Citations: 5

  • Linearolactone and Kaempferol Disrupt the Actin Cytoskeleton in Entamoeba histolytica: Inhibition of Amoebic Liver Abscess Development
    JA Velzquez-Domnguez, VI Hernndez-Ramrez, F Calzada, ...
    Journal of Natural Products 2020
    Citations: 2